Aristotle (/ˈærɪˌstɒtəl/; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and scientist. At eighteen, he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great starting from 343 BC

In his lifetime, Aristotle wrote as many as 200 treatises, of which only 31 survive. As the father of the field of logic, he was the first to develop a formalized system for reasoning. Aristotle observed that the validity of any argument can be determined by its structure rather than its content. A classic example of a valid argument is his syllogism: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal. Given the structure of this argument, as long as the premises are true, then the conclusion is also guaranteed to be true.

Aristotle’s emphasis on good reasoning combined with his belief in the scientific method forms the backdrop for most of his work. For example, in his work in ethics and politics, Aristotle identifies the highest good with intellectual virtue; that is, a moral person is one who cultivates certain virtues based on reasoning.


Aristotle Quotes:

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.
It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies.
Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.
Happiness depends upon ourselves.
For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.
All men by nature desire knowledge.
I count him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies; for the hardest victory is over self.
In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.
No great genius has ever existed without some touch of madness.


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